The Republic of Guinea or simply “Guinea” is located in West Africa. The second producer of bauxite, the country has a population of approximately 12.4 million people. Over 50% of the population is under the age of 25 years old. Approximately 47% of the population lives below the poverty line. Guinea has the 14th highest mortality rate worldwide with approximately 576 deaths per 100,000 births. The infant mortality rate is approximately 52.4 deaths per 1,000 live births; ranking it at 19 worldwide. The country has less than 1 physician per 1,000 people and less than 1 bed per 1,000 people. The country’s education expenditure is less than 2.5% of the GDP. As such, over 60% of the population is illiterate. Guinea is ranked number 174 out of 187 in the 2014 UNDP Human Development Index (HDI). Guinea also placed 13th in maternal mortality rate and 30th in child mortality rate worldwide.